Paulie Malignaggi revelou Conor McGregor em breve será enviada uma oferta muito dinheiro para enfrentá-lo em um jogo de boxe com as mãos nuas.
A dois ex-campeão mundial de peso do boxe anunciou um acordo choque com o BKFC (Bare Knuckle Fighting Championship) um par de semanas atrás e estará retornando para combater esportes em junho.

  Paulie Malignaggi realizou títulos mundiais em super-leve e meio-médio, mas se aposentou em 2017
atendimento vodafone 
“Foi apenas um tipo de coisa surpresa”, Malignaggi contou exclusivamente talkSPORT.com. “Eu conheci o presidente da BKFC, Dave Feldman, e ele foi muito legal, um straight-atirador.
“A partir daí tipo de desenvolvido. Eu não tinha intenção de lutar, eu estava feliz aposentado, eu estava bem.

“Obviamente, o dinheiro tinha algo a ver com isso, mas eu gostei da visão e eu gosto do que ele tem em mente.”
Depois de fazer o anúncio, Malignaggi levou rapidamente a mídia social e chamou seu velho inimigo McGregor. Continue reading Loading…

How to Prepare Good Management Essays? Producing Guide

How to Prepare Good Management Essays? Producing Guide

Deficiency of is a pretty long-term and interesting subject to think on. The domain of kepemimpinan is very broad; therefore , a selection of subject matter is diverse. No matter which one particular you choose, it is recommended to remember that your main aim should be to present an in depth, well-structured, investigated, and argumentative piece. You could tell a story about your knowledge as a frontrunner or imagine about the mosaic features and traits leaders may now have. No matter which idea you choose, it is necessary to stay aimed and keep to the academic specifications of crafting. If you are unclear that you know how to do that, consequently check your leadership essay or dissertation guide!

Get started with an outline

Before starting writing a good paper on their own, you should method it thoroughly. With a detailed shape at hand, shipment lose the thread. It is actually especially important with a large paper documents to write an outline will help the keep everything you want within mind, hence no important point can be missed. The structure and order might be changed eventually.

When offering an outline, you might start with any overview of kepemimpinan as a concept or the own authority experience (depending on the subject you choose). Then something like highlight the main ideas of one’s body sentences and mind the get. At this point, you should know what is the principle claim excellent stating as part of your paper. Keep in mind your main notion should be stated gradually to let your individuals understand the place you are looking to make.

The writing operation

  • Cracking open paragraph

What makes a good leader essay? Initially, it is a solid introduction having a well-thought thesis statement. The introduction sentences is the chance to get interest in your audience, present your area, and encourage the reader that it’s important. A very good introduction rises your chances to compose a strong portion, so give special attention to this very part.

Most writers recommend to include some so-called loop to your advantages paragraph. The gender chart? In simple words, your hook is an eye-catching term that processes to grab your readers’ interest. This might be a short personal story, statistical information or just something hilarious. Everything depends upon which type of printer paper and subject matter you are doing. Also, make sure you express much of your idea in a thesis announcement that should look at the end of the introduction passage.

  • Body system

Good leadership essays contain a several detailed sentences that indicate and assist a thesis statement. Just about every next section should cover the main content and present a unique idea. However , the ideas be required to make an impression of one whole. Remember that each sentence is a mini-essay that needs to enjoy a structure intro sentence, body system, and ending. Add quotations to make your claims appear credible. Verify as many sources related to the subject as you can obtain and use them to to return your confrontations up. Just simply don’t depend on the experts’ thought fully leave an area for your own creativeness and speculations. Your professor will be interested to see the own tips.

  • Last component

You need a clear and memorable consideration to make your reader close the paper and say: ‘Wow! ‘ Ways to do that? You should mention every important stage of your job and sum them up. Then paraphrase your main state, the one you may have revealed in a thesis. Connect the main claim to the rest of the sentences and provide an over-all conclusion, this sums up everything you have said before. A good thing to make your readers remember the paper should be to end that with a inciteful or rhetorical question. Don’t forget to exclude any new writemypapers.guru tips from your previous paragraph.

If you are done

Like any other plan, essays about leadership can not be considered as concluded before you revise these folks carefully. It certainly is extremely important to learn and reread your essay for a couple of instances before the submission. Of course , you will be thinking that this really just a waste of resources, but this is not the way items really are. The chances are, that slips, confusing paragraphs, and formatting errors have sneaked with your paper unseen. However , make sure your professor will study them at one time and this can cost you a standard. So use 30 minutes of your energy to read and revise your projects carefully.

  • Check syntax, punctuation, and spelling (use online pieces to fasten the process)
  • Go through your tissue aloud from the beginning to the end to make sure that this might sound logically
  • Make certain you have restated your thesis statement inside conclusion paragraph
  • Check if your main topic might be guessed without knowing how it sounds it is a fantastic way to find out if your standard is relevant
  • Question someone else to present your conventional a final check chances are that possibly you have overlooked some kind of errors
  • Come to be critical to yourself and eliminate/change drained parts of your paper

Well, this is one way you write a great essay regarding leader or any type of other very similar topic. Basically, general producing rules are necessary to follow regardless of type of paper you are posting. So employ this guide and that we hope that you’re going to write and submit the best leadership paper documents in class!

Writing essays upon history may be a task that will need special strategy. What makes an excellent history dissertation? First and foremost, you might want to gather more than enough research products and purchase familiar with the topic. Next, you must understand the topic and come up with a lot of arguments to convey. Your fights should show your knowledge and present readers with comprehensible advice. Don’t forget to make notes after a research and compose a plan to keep up with the average structure. And don’t forget the most important skill you need to make up a history essay or dissertation is an capacity to analyze issues and build recreational connections together. Now let’s talk about the following in more point out.

Before you start crafting

Like any additional academic traditional, your back ground assignment carries a list of tips from your teacher. The central question can be your main focus and you ought to stick to it. You could end up incredibly creative in your producing, but when it is far from relevant to the principle theme, then you will surely get it wrong the task. Which means that read and reread the instructions for a couple of times and think carefully about these folks. Think about the proceedings and specifics you need to learn and grasp before you start publishing. If there are a few gaps in your own understanding, then simply make sure to pack them or maybe ask the tutor with regards to an additional assessment. There is nothing incorrect in looking for clarifications and it’s really much better to take some action if you have concerns. This will supply clue and save your time.

Why don’t we imagine that you may have a topic associated with the World War II. A few of the specific community circumstances that made it prospective? What are the political electoral interests involved in the event? Beginning with such normal questions, you’ll be able to immediately in order to the main characters, ideas, and specific situations that gamed a significant purpose in this traditions event. You need to determine which will time frames and factors to consider which will be a terrific starting point for your article about past.

Try to avoid the best ideas that can come to your mind. You don’t have to perform thoughts you may have read anywhere else, but understand them quite simply way. Take into account the meaning to a historical function, the links between actions, etc . Well then rethink them and you will get weak portions of your thought. This is not always easy and chances are that you will get lost. However , no longer panic bafflement is a good signal, which means that the clarity will almost certainly come before long. If you are thought too confounded, then enjoy a small break and come back to your work down the road. Coming up with an authentic and well lit idea is difficult, but essential.

Writing a history essay: this process

  • Arrival

The first part is extremely important. The introduction have to be informative and attention-grabbing. You may produce definitions on the central notions, provide a brief background, and demonstrate that you understand the question completely. State enough time frames and core challenges you are going to look at. To grab your readers’ particular attention, you may write something engaging and inciteful, something that will always make them wonderment what is up coming.

When browsing your health benefits, the prof, will make sure that you’re most likely analytical and relevant. Don’t fall into two most common blunders students perform. The first one is ignoring the key question as well as the second you’re an attempt to retell the poker site seizures without serving up any analysis.

  • Body system of your essay or dissertation

Precisely what is history works writing? It can be all about lucidity. Remember that viewers should be very certain for the question you are examining. Start developing your whole body paragraphs with some general basic facts and then move to specific solutions supported by evidence and costs. Consider the idea of count and think about the quantity of particulars you should offer. The main bickering need work, because you need to cover them all entirely. Considerably less important points out can be all in all briefly. One must always make yourself acquainted with the interpretations of specialist researchers before you start writing your own. In addition, don’t depend upon the historians entirely, because won’t choose your arguments in any case convincing. You can argue with them and pinpoint anything you believe is not necessarily meaningful plenty of.

  • Another paragraph

In your past paragraphs, you have got been representing some the whole story, analyzing these folks, and describing your ideas. Right now the time has come to make a understanding. If you have been exploring a couple of many positions, you now need to express which one is. If you have been reading through two motives of the function, now you should certainly provide the result which one is likely to be accurate? This is your summing up and you should address it significantly.

Also, normally include any facts you didn’t state before. Just about every new strategy requires grounds and exploration, so you aren’t able to end your paper with it. This will likely make your answer irrelevant and may cost you a good grade. Come back to your main subject. Can you solution it right now convincingly and briefly? Great! This is exactly something you should do in a answer.

Additional recommendations

There is one secret that may assist you understand how to set a history go: be self-critical. Get ready to revise and rethink your arguments if they are not very relevant or not strong. Make self-criticizing a common practice and never be satisfied with mediocre initiative. When your instructors give you a opinion, try to remember it. That is your perfect chance to turn into a better article writer and compose brilliant newspaper publishers. If your teacher doesn’t offer you an advice on how to transform your life writing, then you certainly have a to request one.

Remember that two mains products make an composition really great: benefits and prodding argumentation. The typical structure identified above is merely an example, so that you can change it in favour of argumentation building. The number of strategies to compose an important paper is virtually endless, because your writing is the way you express yourself. For that reason make it for the reason that unique since you are!

New Questions About Norton 2019 Review Answered and Why You Must Read Every Word of This Report

It is possible to install Norton in each device you have. Norton releases brand new versions nearly every year. He can found to get top in each and every security tests done by many agencies. Norton, a huge name in the antivirus business, released a digital personal network known as Norton Safe VPN so that you can guard your personal devices against malware, malware, ransomware along with other on-line hazards and make you retain protected while using a people Wi-Fi.

Norton delivers the very best technical support for a advanced package. Despite the fact that he gives flexible plans, Kaspersky provides a more good feature collection. Even though he or she successfully maintained its reputation, it is now trying to make up for the loss by selling their product with a much lower selling price. He can guarantee that your information, internet activities and other personal information are protected in a very safe location. Then again, they doesn’t offer a file encryption vault as part of its collection. While this individual offers a number of advantages to be able to its users, additionally there are some negatives as well. Norton also items email additional time protection making sure there normally a connection by means Norton for mac review – antivirus-software of your email program, even when you obtain a huge addition.

Norton is an set up name in the area of security. If this comes to Norton, in addition , it has an informative assistance page. So far, things seem good for Norton. Whilst Norton does not have a totally free offer, it does offer you three completely unique heights regarding premium safety. He chose that it’s smart to offer a strategy to cleanup all of the traces still left after the world wide web browsing. The name Norton is now synonymous using robust, trustworthy and even detailed safety measures coverage.

What Is So Fascinating About Norton 2019 Review?

Just like many different anti-virus suites, Norton Basic safety is also easy to purchase together with install. It possesses a great design and a lot of amazing cybersecurity adventures. The Norton Security 2017 comes with a money-back guarantee if the item is not able to remove the virus from your gadgets. It’s not just an anti virus. It has each of the features of the antivirus. It truly is still the undefeated industry leader and heavy-weight-champion in the world when it comes to computer security.

Symantec provides an unprecedented degree of control and in degree security options that the more complex user is very gonna appreciate. Whilst it offers a heap of personalized features, it is also fully set up throughout installation, so the novice user will love that they don’t have to change anything. It also includes a brilliant scheduler which are often set to just run reads and updates when your PC is not being used. It has just two costing options, whilst many other malware companies give a broader array of options. It gives you a ton of capabilities that most other antivirus plans have a hard time coordinating. It has one of the comprehensive assistance sites of any antivirus security software software provider. It is one of the biggest giants inside the security computer software industry, offering quality and even reputable items.

Including a firewall may help you to remain safe from network-based disorders that may certainly not trigger typically the antivirus. The low-end Ant-virus Plus is the most suitable choice for a individual person or couple along with just a few PCs to protect. Norton Antivirus products you having a superb way of guard the smartphone together with PC. Norton’s antivirus is without a doubt rightly thought of among the best in the business, featuring an extraordinary complement associated with tools made to maximize the safety of your computer or cell phone device. Norton Antivirus is actually the most popular Antivirus method readily available that can be purchased currently. Norton Antivirus is one of the reputable products on the sector. Norton Ant-virus for Apple pc may not be handled by means of the Norton bill.

Hjælpetropperne – find ressourcerne her


ZONES 15 & 16

Zone 15: Districts 1380, 1390, 1400, 1410, 1420, 1430, 2220, 2320, 2330, 2340, 2350, 2370, 2380, 2400 & 2410

Zone 16: Districts 1360, 1440, 1450, 1461, 1462, 1470, 1480, 2231, 2250, 2260, 2275, 2290, 2305, 2310, 2360 & 2390



·      Support and strengthen clubs
  • Focus and increase humanitarian service
  • Enhance public image and awareness



Rotary’s regional leaders — regional Rotary Foundation coordinators (RRFCs), Rotary coordinators (RCs), Rotary public image coordinators (RPICs), and endowment/major gifts advisers (E/MGAs) — use their knowledge and skills to support and strengthen clubs, to focus and increase Rotary’s humanitarian service, and to enhance our public image and awareness.

Regional leaders work through districts to connect Rotarians with resources that support Rotary’s goals and deepen its impact in communities locally and around the world. They also serve as trainers and facilitators at Rotary institutes, governors-elect training seminars, regional and zone seminars, district training, and other events when asked.

Appointed by the RI president or The Rotary Foundation trustee chair, regional leaders serve a three-year term, subject to annual review. There are 41 teams of regional leaders worldwide; each team is led by an RI director with support from a Foundation trustee, if one lives in the region.







Piotr Wygnańczuk

+48 601 654 737

p.wygnanczuk@rotary.org.pl Rotary International Director (RID)


The Board of Directors establishes Rotary International’s policies and provides guidance that helps our clubs thrive. Clubs elect the directors at Rotary’s international convention, and each director serves for two years.







ZONE 15                                                                    ZONE 16



Suzan Stenberg                                                                            Lena J. Mjerskaug

+46 73 408 2506                                                                         +47 915 64 421

suzanak@live.se                                                                         Lena@mjerskaug.no

Overall support, Zone 15                                                          Overall support, Zone 16 + Supporting D-1360 and Norway

+ “Online Tools”


Rotary Coordinators (RC) assist Rotarians in engaging current members and attracting new members to develop vibrant clubs and meet their membership goals. They:

  • Encourage innovative strategies for attracting and engaging members
  • Support districts in new club development
  • Help districts and clubs develop and implement strategic plans to reach their goals



ZONE 15                                                                    ZONE 16



Erik Stenström                                                                             Bjarne Eilsøe-Jørgensen

+358 40 0744587                                                                        + 45 3116 4801

espaca63@gmail.com                                                               dg1461-1617@rotary.dk

Supporting: Finland & Estonia                                               Supporting: Denmark & Lithuania + “Strategic Planning”





Stephan Stein                                                                               Barbara Pawlisz

+7 906 234 3311                                                                         +48 601 646 926

stein.rotary@gmail.com                                                          pawlisz.barbara@gmail.com

Supporting: Russia + “Online Tools”                                    Supporting: Poland + “Starting New Clubs”






Nicke Salén                                                                                   Tomas Rydebo

+46 70 814 8500                                                                         + 46 73 043 7769

nicke@salens.se                                                                         tomas@rydebo.se

Supporting Sweden (except D-2360 & D-2390) &            Supporting: D-2360 & D-2390 Latvia + “Club Visioning” (all districts in Zones 15&16)



ZONE 15                                                                    ZONE 16



Johanna Talikainen                                                                     Leif Fritsdal

+358 400 851 704                                                                       +45 2028 3461

johanna.talikainen@mainossatama.fi                                 leif@fritsdal.dk

Overall support, Zone 15 (+ D-2360 & 2390)                    Overall support, Zone 16

(except D-2360 & D-2390)

+ Supporting D-1360


Rotary public image coordinators (RPIC) help Rotarians tell Rotary’s story in a compelling way and guide them in their marketing, media outreach, and social media. They:

  • Share Rotary’s story and regional impact with the media and their communities, and equip district leaders to do the same
  • Show district and club leaders how to use Rotary’s online public image resources to increase brand awareness
  • Advise districts and clubs on how to implement and regionalize Rotary’s public image campaigns
  • Publicize the role of Rotary and Rotarians in polio eradication





ZONE 15                                                                    ZONE 16



Niko Niemi                                                                                    Karin Lund-Frank

+358 405 019362                                                                        +45 4033 0233

nikoniemi@hotmail.com                                                         klf@abilityhouse.dk

Supporting: Finland & Estonia                                               Supporting: Denmark & Lithuania + “Strategic Communication”





Anna Tumanova                                                                           Tore Jørgen Slettahjell

+7 927 270 1161                                                                         +47 920 83 500

kitovanna_@inbox.ru                                                               Tore.Slettahjell@skipnes.no

Supporting: Russia                                                                     Supporting: Norway + “Rotary Branding”




Lars Olof Nilsson                                                                         Mark Krawczynski

+46 70 555 0005                                                                         +48 500 585 241

larsolofnilsson@telia.com                                                                                                          mark.krawczynski@gmail.com

Supporting: Sweden (incl D-2360 & D-2390)                    Supporting: Poland






Per Høyen

+45 4055 9418


Trustee of The Rotary Foundation (TRF)


The Board of Trustees manages the business of The Rotary Foundation, the charitable arm of our organization. The Rotary International president-elect nominates the trustees, and the Board of Directors elects them to four-year terms.



ZONE 15                                                                    ZONE 16



Leila Risteli                                                                                   Bjørn Aas

+358 40 5028751                                                                        +47 907 35 965

lristeli@gmail.com                                                                     bjorn@vardaas.no

Overall support, Zone 15 (+ D-2360 & D-2390)                Overall support, Zone 16

(except D-2360 & D-2390) + Supporting Norway & D-1360



Regional Rotary Foundation coordinators (RRFC) help Rotarians fully participate in their Foundation to meet their service and fundraising goals. They:

  • Encourage Rotarians to support PolioPlus, Rotary’s highest-priority program
  • Support clubs and districts in their fundraising, especially for Rotary’s Annual Fund
  • Educate clubs and districts about Rotary grants







ZONE 15                                                                    ZONE 16



Helena Piispa-Perälä                                                                 Helge Andersen

+358 50 0373341                                                                        +45 2177 9650

Helena.piispaperala@gmail.com                                                  DG1470-0607@rotary.dk

Supporting: Finland & Estonia                                               Supporting: Denmark





Aslan Guluev (Аслан Гулуев)                                                 Antanas Čepys

+7 965 952 4333                                                                         +370 698 47809

aguluev@mail.ru                                                                        a.cepys@gmail.com

Supporting: Russia                                                                     Supporting: Lithuania




Solveig Nilsson                                                                Mieczyslaw (Mietek) Maciazek

+46 70 553 2800                                                                         +48 602 322 456

vmd.snilsson@gmail.com                                                        mietek@maciazek.pl

Supporting: Sweden (incl D-2360 & D-2390) + Latvia    Supporting: Poland





ZONE 15                                                                    ZONE 16



Leif R. Carlson                                                                              Bjørg Månum Andersson

+46 70 593 4402                                                                         +47 908 55 025

leifrcarlson@outlook.com                                                                                              bjorgmanum.andersson@gmail.com


The End Polio Now Zone Coordinators provide leadership and foster awareness, advocacy, and financial support activities at the district and club level toward the achievement of the certification of polio eradication. They maintain current knowledge of the PolioPlus program and global polio eradication efforts, strategies, status and needs, including financial requirements, and promote the goals of Rotary’s PolioPlus program through individual presentations to Rotary meetings upon request.



ZONE 15                                                                   ZONE 16



Per Jannersten                                                                             Ingrid Grandum Berget

+46 73 638 5313                                                                         +47 913 65 033

emga@jannersten.org                                                              ingrid.berget@gmail.com

Endowment/major gifts advisers (E/MGA) increase Rotarians’ participation in major gifts fundraising and the Endowment. They:

  • Develop personalized plans for identifying, cultivating, and soliciting major gifts in the region
  • Promote major giving opportunities with Rotarians and other prospects
  • Facilitate events that recognize and encourage current and new donors
  • Work with district leaders to identify major gift strategies and prospective donors in the district











Zone 15: Districts 1380, 1390, 1400, 1410, 1420, 1430, 2220, 2320, 2330, 2340, 2350, 2370, 2380, 2400 & 2410

Zone 16: Districts 1360, 1440, 1450, 1461, 1462, 1470, 1480, 2231, 2250, 2260, 2275, 2290, 2305, 2310, 2360 & 2390

Søg udfordringer i Rotary International

Apply yourself

Would you like to contribute further to Rotary by serving on a committee? Each of Rotary’s committees, made up of Rotarians and Rotaractors from around the world, works with the organization’s leadership to ensure efficiency and promote the goals and priorities laid out in the strategic plan.

The following committees are searching for qualified candidates for openings in 2019-20. All committees correspond via email, teleconference, or webinars as needed, and some also involve at least one mandatory in-person meeting per year. Most committee business is conducted in English.

To be considered for committee membership or to recommend someone for an appointment, visit URLTK. Applicants must be registered on My Rotary at rotary.org/myrotary and should make sure that their My Rotary profile includes current contact information. The application deadline is 15 August.

Audit Advises the Board of Directors on financial reports, internal and external auditing, and the system of internal control Independence, appropriate business experience, and demonstrated financial literacy in accounting, auditing, banking, insurance, investment, risk management, executive management, or  audit governance One six-year term; two meetings per year in Evanston and two teleconference/webinar meetings per year
Communications Advises the Board on communication with key audiences Professional background and experience in a communications-related field One three-year term; multiple conference calls; annual meeting in Evanston
Finance Advises the Board on Rotary’s finances, including budgets, investment policy, and sustainability measures Professional background in a finance-related field; nonprofit experience preferred. Candidates should have experience at the club and district level in financial matters. One three-year term; two meetings per year in Evanston
Global Networking Groups Oversees action groups, fellowships, and vocational service, including operations, program enhancements, and proposals Strong candidates have led action groups, fellowships, or club- or district-level vocational service initiatives, and are familiar with their policies. One three-year term; annual meeting in Evanston and two meetings by teleconference per year
Joint Committee on Partnerships Advises the Board and Trustees on partnership and sponsorship matters Knowledge of Rotary grant-making and international service portfolios; extensive experience in cultivating and developing partnerships with corporations, the NGO sector, and government; experience in cause marketing, sponsorship, and  resource-generating relationships as well as international strategic partnerships; and clear understanding of the capacity and club-based projects of  Rotary. One three-year term; two meetings per year in Evanston
Leadership Development and Training Advises the Board on Rotary’s leadership training program for Rotarians, clubs, and districts, with a special emphasis on training for district governors Must have significant training or education experience with a preference for leadership development One three-year term; annual meeting in Evanston
Membership Advises the Board on matters related to membership development, retention, and engagement Rotarian or Rotaractor with significant knowledge of and commitment to membership attraction and engagement activities; members of clubs that have diversified preferred One three-year term; two meetings

per year in Evanston

Operations Review Committee Monitors the effectiveness, efficiency, and implementation of operations and all internal systems, advises the Executive Committee on compensation matters, and performs other oversight functions as requested by the Board Experience in management, leadership development, or financial management, and a thorough knowledge of Rotary’s operations. Appointments will be limited to past RI directors. One six-year term; typically meets in Evanston twice a year
Rotaract and Interact Advises the Board on Interact and Rotaract; develops the Rotaract Preconvention Meeting program Rotarians: Experience working with youth; direct experience as a mentor or Rotaract/Interact adviser or district chair. Youth program alumni are strong candidates.


Rotaractors: Leadership at the club, district, or international level. Strong candidates have served as a district Rotaract representative, organized projects, or attended a Rotaract Preconvention. Age restrictions may apply.


Rotarians: One three-year term; annual meeting in Evanston








Rotaractors: One one-year term; one meeting in Evanston

Strategic Planning Reviews Rotary’s strategic plan and associated measures; advises leadership on other matters of long-term significance 10+ years of experience in strategy development, monitoring, and implementation, and strong understanding of RI and Foundation programs and services One four-year term; up to four meetings in Evanston





Youth Exchange Advises the Board on matters related to the Rotary Youth Exchange program and develops the program for the Youth Exchange Officers Preconvention Experience administering exchanges at district or multidistrict level; must be from a district that has met certification requirements Multiple teleconference/webinar meetings per year

Tjugo brev från en migrant med Abdulalim Alkatea

Drömmar i våra ögon!

Våra drömmar måste vi skydda och försvara. Ibland förmår människan inte göra det hon önskar och hon inbillar sig då att också andra, liksom hon själv, är hjälplösa.

Om du vill uppnå din dröm måste du kämpa för att nå den och du får inte vara rädd att misslyckas. För människor som genomför sina drömmer är livet meningsfullt och värt att leva.

Dessa ord yttrades av Will Smith till hans son i filmen The Pursuit of Happiness, och dessa ord fick mig att skriva denna artikel om drömmar.

Sedan skapelsens början har människor haft ambitionen att nå ett bättre liv, ibland med mål så högtflygande att de förvandlats till drömmar.  Genom människans liv förändras drömmarna, för några infrias de medan för andra blir drömmarna till intet.

Somliga drömmar är galna andra förnuftiga, några inkluderar oss alla medan andra är personliga. Men ingen kan leva utan drömmar, de är en del av det mänskliga medvetandets natur, såsom sinnet och tänkandet. Drömmar är lika viktiga som mat, dryck eller sömn.

När drömmar dör !

När jag var ung tänkte jag på samma sätt som Will Smith, att det finns två sorts människor. De första söker förverkliga sina drömmar, arbetar hårt för att få drömmen att leva, genom detta utvecklas de och erövrar nya världar. Den andra sorten är bekväm, lever vidare med sitt liv på samma plats och på samma sätt som om ingen dröm existerade.

Att båda sorter finns skapar balans i det mänskliga livet vilket krävs för att fortsätta leva. Och jag var nöjd med min uppfattning om drömmar.

2011 förändrades min syn, eftersom jag fann en annan typ av drömmande människor.

Människor som drömmer, planerar och jobbar hårt för att nå sitt mål, men som ändå går en förlorares öde till mötes. Deras lott blir krig, död eller flykt. Ett plötsligt ingripande från den omkringliggande verkligheten stoppar strömmen av aktivitet och till slut känner man sig som död. Våra livlösa kroppar, förpackade någonstans i Mellanösterns städer eller i något asylland långt hemifrån, försöker läka sina sår, medan vi drömmer om, och gråter, över landet som förstörs.

Drömmarna i Mellanöstern har en annan mening. Är du född i en diktatur eller i ett land som slits isär av krig, kan drömmarna, hur oskyldiga och hur uppnåeliga de än må vara, plötsligt, oväntat och fasansfullt smulas till grus. En lemlästad kropp, en besinningslös missil, en plötslig explosion eller kanske ännu en förlupen endollarskula, kan spränga sönder dina drömmar. Och detta händer varje dag i ett krigsdrabbat land! Kyrkogården är platsen dit man bör gå om man vill se alla drömmar, mål och visioner vilka funnits i överflöd i vårt land. Hur många uppfinningar, hur mycket hopp och strävan är begravda i varje grav?

Hur många unika förmågor finns här ”six feet under”?

Hur många barn kommer att förlora sina möjligheter på grund av en mördad far eller en sönderbruten stat?

Det handlar inte om att denne man förlorat så mycket, nej, det handlar om att världen har förlorat denne man.

Vilket enormt slöseri!

När drömmar förvandlas !

Drömmar dör inte, utan blir större dag för dag, det är skönheten med de drömmar som uppnås efter trötthet.

Varje gång vi förverkligar vår dröm föds en ny, en som vi var omedvetna om intill dess.

Men om ödet låtit dig födas i vårt land kommer du inte att kunna behålla din dröm. Till slut kommer du att upptäcka att drömmar är grunden för att leva. Den stora drömmen som vi drömde förvandlades och krymte, blev till en dröm om en bit bröd, om tak över huvudet eller en varm säng för barnet att sova i. Den blev en dröm som drömdes i ett tält på gränsen, barnets dröm om att gå i skola och den vuxnes dröm om skydd för sina barn.

Det som borde vara varje människas rätt, att kunna äta sig mätt, ha tak över huvudet och en säng att sova i, har istället förvandlats till drömmar.

Alla som lever i ett krigshärjat land gör en tyst överenskommelse med sig själv, att undvika drömmar, gömma dem och glömma dem. Men kvar framför oss finns ändå hela tiden drömmen som ett spöke. Och det kan ge oss hopp när vi känner förtvivlan tynga oss.

Titta på flyktingarna, se deras ögon, ni kan hitta många mål och många drömmar som letar efter en möjlighet att få blomma.

Drömmen måste leda drömmaren så som en uppenbarelse !

Jag är inte emot drömmar. Utan drömmar blir livet tråkigt, dagarna lika varandra och utan glädje eller mening. Alla vill ha ett gott liv, och drömmar är bra för att få oss att kämpa. De får oss att känna att vi fortfarande är vid liv.

Idag lever vi i en svår och komplex verklighet. Skillnaden mellan att kämpa för våra privata drömmar, drömmar som har ingenting med mänsklighetens behov och önskningar att göra, och att sträva efter att förverkliga de oförglömliga drömmarna som bygger på de dödas blod och eländet hos dem som fortfarande drömmer trots rädsla och död är stor. Dessa drömmar är en blandning av migrationens galenskap och de belägrades misär.

Att sträva för att nå våra drömmar är en uppgift för vår framtid. Vi måste kämpa för vår egen skull och våra barns. För en framtid där vi kan leva i en värld utan krig, rasism och påtvingat uppbrott.

Kanske drömmer jag mer än de flesta, men tro mig, jag har betalat ett högt pris för att nå fram till denna övertygelse. Idag har jag inte mycket i denna värld; mitt liv finns endast i dina ögon och i mina drömmar.

2/18 Ávarp Gunnars Snorra

Gunnar Snorri Gunnarsson, sendiherra.

Ávarp á stórtónleikum Rotary 7. janúar 2018

Kæra Vigdís, umdæmisstjóri, kæru Rotaryfélagar og aðrir gestir.
Gleðilega hátíð og gleðilegt nýtt ár.

Það er góður siður að staldra við af og til og tileinka tiltekna daga, mánuði, ár eða áratugi ákveðnum málefnum eða hópum. Það þýðir ekki að þessi málefni eigi að falla í þagnargildi þegar dagurinn, mánuðurinn, árið eða áratugurinn er liðinn hjá. Þannig var t.d. áratugurinn 1975 til 1985 sérstaklega helgaður málefnum og réttindum kvenna innan Sameinuðu þjóðanna en eins og við vitum öll eru þau málefni ekki síður í brennidepli nú, meira en þremur áratugum síðar.

Hver einasti dagur ætti með réttu að vera dagur tónlistar en það kemur ekki í veg fyrir að tónlistin eigi sína sérstöku daga. Þannig tók franskur menntamálaráðherra, Jacques Lang, það frumkvæði 1982 að lýsa því yfir að við sumarsólstöður í júní ár hvert skyldi halda hátíð tónlistar, Fête de la Musique. Ég man það frá mínum Parísarárum þegar Vigdís forseti vor sendi honum sérstaka kveðju og tók fram að þetta væri vissulega til eftirbreytni. Kannski er ekki síður úr vegi að halda tónlistarveislu við vetrarsólstöður þegar dag tekur að lengja. Heilög Sesselja, verndardýrlingur tónlistar, á sér dag 22. nóvember og enska tónskáldið Purcell samdi af þessu tilefni dýrleg tónverk. Ég hef sjálfur haft fyrir sið að halda hátíðlega afmælisdaga minna eftirlætistónskálda og verð að viðurkenna að dagatalið er orðið harla þéttsetið því á langri ævi bætast æ fleiri tónskáld við í hópinn.

Ég fagna því mjög að Rotaryhreyfingin hafi sýnt þetta frumkvæði að hefja tónlist til vegs og virðingar einu sinni á ári og ekki er framtakið síðra fyrir þá sök að tækifærið er notað og ungir tónlistarmenn, sem skarað hafa fram úr eru styrktir til frekari afreka. Það er gaman að líta yfir það einvalalið sem fengið hafa viðurkenningu á þessum degi. Það er glæsilegur hópur. Okkar eigin síungi Jónas Ingimundarson sem nú má með réttu kalla Nestor íslenskrar tónlistar, hefur með þessu lagt sitt af mörkum til að tryggja að framtíð íslenskrar tónlistar verði björt.

Einhverjir kynnu að spyrja hvers vegna Rotary ætti sérstaklega að sinna tónlist. Því er auðsvarað. Lítum á einkunnarorð Rotary og spyrjum okkur, er nokkuð sannara og réttara en tónlist, eykur hún ekki drengskap, eflir velvild og vinarhug og er hún ekki öllum til góðs? Allir góðir Rotarymenn eiga því með réttu að vera málsvarar og merkisberar góðrar tónlistar.

Í ys og þys nútímaþjóðfélags , í streitu og kapphlaupi, fánýtu þrasi og eftirsókn eftir hjómi og vindi er andleg heilsa og velferð í voða ef ekki gefst ráðrúm til að nema staðar, njóta augnabliksins. Það er á einhvern máta innritað í genamengi okkar að vera markmiðsdrifin og keppa að einhverju takmarki. Óðar og því marki er náð tekur svo annað við. Þetta er allt góðra gjalda vert en við erum annað og meira en tæki til að ná einhverjum árangri, hver sem hann kann að vera. Það er ekki tilviljun að eitt af kjörorðum dagsins er “núvitund”. Henni má ná úti í náttúrunni, í faðmi fjölskyldunnar, við skoðun myndlistar eða lestur ljóða en hreinasta og tærasta myndbirting núvitundar er greinilega einbeitt hlustun tónlistar. Hvergi lifnar augnablikið við með sama hætti og þá. Það er þá sem spurningin vaknar ekki lengur til hvers eða hvers vegna, augnablikið sjálft er eigin réttlæting, eigin tilgangur.

Í eftirminnilegri ræðu við þetta tækifæri fyrir réttu ári síðan lauk mín ágæta vinkona og starfssystir, Sigríður Snævarr, sendiherra, orðum sínum með því að vitna í Jónas Ingimundar og sagði ” Tónlistin verður til þegar orðunum sleppir.” Þetta kallaði fram í huga minn orð heimspekingsins Wittgensteins ” Wovon man nicht sprechen kann, darüber muss man schweigen “. Það sem eigi verður með orðum tjáð geymir þögnin best.

Þetta má vissulega til sanns vegar færa en eru ekki allar heimsbókmenntirnar tilraun til að tjá með orðum eitthvað sem vart verður komið orðum að. Einn mesti orðsins snillingur á íslenska tungu Halldór Kiljan Laxness sagði í morgunhugleiðingum um Bach eftirfarandi ” Þó hefur ekki komið sá dagur yfir mig að ég efaðist um yfirburði tónlistar yfir bókmenntir í því að tjá þá opinberun sem mannshugurinn hefur af alheiminum. Ég heyri sjaldan svo vonda tónlist að hún segi mér ekki meira en talað orð; og ef það væri ekki vegna tónlistarinnar, mundi ég aldrei ljúka upp útvarpstæki-nema til að hlusta á veðurfregnirnar.” Síðar í sama texta segir, ” Þó grannt sé hlustað æ ofan í æ, og þó undrun og aðdáun þess sem hlustar verði æ því meiri sem hann hlustar lengur, þá heldur þó aðalatriðið að vera jafn óuppgötvað og það er óumræðilegt. Menn geta sosum reynt að svara í orðum , og það hefur sjálfsagt oft verið gert , en ætli flest svörin verði öllu meiri en endurtekning, að breyttu breytanda, á svörum við gömlu spurningunni: til hvers er sólin, tunglið og stjörnurnar’?”

Ef Halldóri Kiljan Laxness verður orða vant hvað getum við aumir dauðlegir  gert annað en hleypt tónlistinni að. En áður en það er gert vil ég aftur vitna til orða hans um annað sem þó á svo vel við um tónlist, ” Dáið er allt án drauma og dapur heimurinn.” Eða eins og Nietzsche lét eftir sér hafa, ” Án tónlistar væri lífið mistök.” Ég hafði ætlað mér að láta Nietzsche eiga síðasta orðið í þessum pistli en þá komu mér í hug nokkrar ljóðlínur úr síðustu bók félaga okkar Sigurðar Pálssonar, sem kvaddi okkur í ár sem leið.

Eldur og skuggar –og rödd
Sólrík glaðværð —-það er rétta innstillingin
Þannig á að berjast við blýið og myrkviðinn
Óréttlæti ofbeldi
Og allan þann langa lista
Gleymdu aldrei áhrifamestu kennurunum:
Voltaire, Mozart, Nietzsche….
Eldur og skuggar -og rödd
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